Category Archives: Extremal Combinatorics

Improved lower bounds for multicolour diagonal Ramsey numbers

Big news in combinatorics today: David Conlon and Asaf Ferber have posted a 4-page preprint on arXiv that gives exponential improvements in the lower bounds on multicolour diagonal Ramsey numbers, when the number of colours is at least (also see … Continue reading

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The dual version of Ryser’s conjecture

I talked about our new results related to Ryser’s conjecture in a previous post (also see an even earlier post). The conjecture, and its variants, have some interesting equivalent formulations in terms of edge colourings of graphs. While I was … Continue reading

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Heisenberg groups, irreducible cubics and minimal Ramsey

As I mentioned in a previous post, we recently improved the upper bound on a Ramsey parameter, in collaboration with John Bamberg and Thomas Lesgourgues. My favourite thing about this work is how it ends up using the properties of … Continue reading

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Generalized polygons in extremal combinatorics

Jacques Tits invented generalized polygons to give a geometrical interpretation of the exceptional groups of Lie type. The prototype of these incidence geometries already appears in his 1956 paper, while they are axiomatically defined in his influential 1959 paper on … Continue reading

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Minimal Ramsey problems

Thanks to Anita Liebenau, I have recently been introduced to some very interesting questions in Ramsey theory and I have been working on them for the past few months in collaboration with various people. In my recent joint work with … Continue reading

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Extending Ryser’s conjecture

In an earlier post, I talked about Ryser’s conjecture on -partite -uniform hypergraphs, that has stayed open for all despite a considerable effort by several mathematicians over a period of 50 years. A bit more effort has been spent on … Continue reading

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Bounds on Ramsey numbers from finite geometry

In an earlier post I talked about the work of Mubayi and Verstraete on determining the off-diagonal Ramsey numbers via certain optimal pseudorandom graphs, which are not yet known to exist except for the case of triangles. Beyond this conditional … Continue reading

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Kopparty’s graph

Alon’s construction of optimal pseudorandom graphs from 1994 is useful for obtaining several interesting combinatorial results in various areas of mathematics, some of which are highlighted in this survey of Noga from last year (also see my previous post). In … Continue reading

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Ramsey numbers from pseudorandom graphs

One of the foundational results in modern combinatorics is Ramsey’s theorem which states that for every positive integers there exists a constant such that for all , every -coloring of edges of the complete graph has a monochromatic copy of … Continue reading

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Spectral proofs of theorems on the boolean hypercube

In a recent breakthrough Hao Huang proved the sensitivity conjecture, that had remained open for past 30 years despite some serious effort from various computer scientists and mathematicians. The proof can be described in a single tweet (if you have … Continue reading

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